www.tide-project.eu

Project part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund)

The Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme


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The authors are solely responsible for the content of this report. Material included herein does not represent the opinion of the European Community, and the European Community is not responsible for any use that might be made of it.
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Management measures analysis and comparison

Authors:

by S. Saathoff, J. Knüppel, S. Manson & A. Boerema



9. References

Adriaensen, F., S. Van Damme, E. Van den Bergh, D. Van Hove, R. Brys, T. Cox, S. Jacobs, P. Konings, J. Maes, T. Maris, W. Mertens, L. Nachtergale, E. Struyf, A. Van Braeckel, and P. Meire. 2005. Instandhoudingsdoelstellingen Schelde-estuarium.

AG Elbe.2012. Integrierter Bewirtschaftungsplan für das Elbe-Ästuar

APA. 2012. Morphological management of estuaries. Case study of the Scheldt estuary. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012a. 'Lippenbroek: Flood Control Area with Controlled Reduced Tide (FCA-CRT)' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 13. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012b. 'Groynes at the marsh near Waarde' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 14. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012c. 'Ketenisse wetland - small scale tidal wetland restoration in the brackish part of the estuary' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 15. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012d. 'Paddebeek wetland - small scale tidal wetland restoration in the freshwater zone of the Sea Scheldt (Zeeschelde)' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 16. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012e. 'Paardenschor wetland - small scale brackish tidal wetland restoration in the Sea Scheldt (Zeeschelde)' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 17. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012f. 'Heusden LO wetland - small scale tidal wetland restoration in the freshwater zone of the Sea Scheldt' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 18. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012g. 'Navigation channel near Ketelplaat – Relocation of dredged sediment to deep areas of the navigation channel' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 19. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012h. 'Walsoorden pilot part A (2004): relocation of dredged sediment to a shallow water area at the edge of the Walsoorden sandbar' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 20. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012i. 'Walsoorden pilot part B (2006): relocation of dredged sediment to a shallow water area at the edge of the Walsoorden sandbar' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 21. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012j. 'Large scale execution “plaatrandstortingen” (2010), relocation of dredged sediment to shallow water areas near sandbars ' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 22. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2012k 'Fish spawning pond (“Vispaaiplaats”)' (Schelde estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 23. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

APA. 2013. Interestuarine comparison: Managed Realignment Measures (MRM). Study report in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Antwerp, Belgium.

Aubry, Elliott. 2006. The use of environmental integrative indicators to assess seabed disturbance in estuaries and coasts: Application to the Humber estuary, UK. In: (RL 92/43/EWG): Richtlinie über die Erhaltung der natürlichen Lebensräume sowie der wildlebenden Tiere und Pflanzen (RL 93/43/EWG), ABIEG L 206 v. 21.05.1992.

BIOCONSULT & NLWKN. 2012. Anabranch Revitalisation Lower Weser Estuary. Ecological requirements for revitalizing anabranches of the Lower Weser Estuary against the backdrop of WFD and Natura 2000 using the Schweiburg as an example – Feasibility study in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Abridged version. 20 pages. Bremen, Oldenburg.

Birkhoff , M. 2012. Restoration of a tidal foreland in the Werderland region- Feasibility study. Extracts of the original explanatory report. Bremen, Germany.

Brys, R., T. Ysebaert, V. Escaravage, S. Van Damme, A. Van Braeckel, B. Vandevoorde, and E. Van den Bergh. 2005. Afstemmen van referentiecondities en evaluatiesystemen in functie van de KRW: afleiden en beschrijven van typespecifieke referentieomstandigheden en/of MEP in elk Vlaams overgangswatertype vanuit de - overeenkomstig de KRW - ontwikkelde beoordelingssystemen voor biologische kwaliteitselementen. Eindrapport. VMM.AMO.KRW.REFCOND OW. IN.O. 2005.7. Instituut voor natuurbehoud.

Boyes S., Cutts N., Hemingway C.2012.: Legislative Drivers & Sectoral Plan Review of TIDE Estuaries. Hull

Burd, F. 1995. Managed retreat: a practical guide. Pages 1-26. English Nature, Peterborough.

Cutts, N. , Hemingway K. 2012. Conflict Matrices: Comparisons For TIDE Estuaries

Davis & McAnally. 2010. Sediment Management Alternatives for the Port of Gulfport, Mississippi, Report to Mississippi Department of Transportation

Directie Zeeland; Administratie Waterwegen en Zeewezen. 2001. Langetermijnvisie Scheldeestuarium (LTV) Ministerie van Verkeer en Waterstaat. Directoraat-Generaal Rijkswaterstaat. Directie Zeeland/ Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap. Departement Leefmilieu en Infrastructuur. Administratie Waterwegen en Zeewezen: Middelburg, The Netherlands. 86 pp. + toelichting 98 pp.

EA. 2012. TIDE pilot project ‘The Potential Alternative Uses Of Dredged Material in the Humber Estuary’. Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. 270 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012a. 'Alkborough Managed Realignment and flood storage: Creation of ~440 a of intertidal habitat' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 30. 25 pages.Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012b. 'Paull Holme Strays Managed Realignment: creation of ~80 ha of intertidal habitat' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 31. 24 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012c. 'Deployment of Mudbug' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 32. 12 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012d. 'Creation of ~13 ha of intertidal habitat at Chowder Ness' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 33. 17 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012e. 'Welwick' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 34. 20 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012f. 'Kilnsea Wetlands' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 35. 20 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012g. 'South Humber Gateway Roosting Mitigation' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 36. 20 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012h. 'Training Walls at Trent Falls' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 37. 12 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012i. 'Donna Nock & Skeffling' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 38. 12 pages.Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EA. 2012j. 'Tunstall Realignment' (Humber estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 39. 12 pages. Environment Agency (EA), Hull, UK.

EU (RL 2000/60/EG): Wasserrahmenrichtlinie (RL 2000/60/EG) des Europäischen Parlaments und des Rates zur Schaffung eines Ordnungsrahmens für Maßnahmen der Gemeinschaft im Bereich der Wasserpolitik, ABIEG L 327/1 v. 23.10.2000.

Geerts, L., K. Wolfstein, and S. van Damme. 2011. Zonation of the TIDE estuaries.

Greiser. 2004. in german: Sedimentverflüssigung-Alternative der Unterhaltungsbaggerei, HANSA 141 (9)

Hamer, K. 2013.Shallow water areas in North Sea estuaries. Changing patterns and sizes of habitats influenced by human activities in the Elbe, Humber, Scheldt and Weser. Bremen

Haydel & McAnally. 2002. Port Sedimentation Solutions for the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway in Mississippi Report 1: Preliminary Evaluation, Ports and Waterways Division, Mississippi Department of Transportation

HMS. 2011a. Humber Management Scheme Action Plans: 2012-2014. Humber Management Scheme, Barton upon Humber, United Kingdom.

HMS. 2011b. Revised Management of the Humber Estuary European Marine Site. Presentation at the Humber Conference, November 2011, Hull Truck Theatre, United Kingdom.

HPA. 2012a. 'Spadenlander Busch' (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 1. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012b. ‘Underwater relocation area Medemrinne Ost’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 2. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012c. ‘Current deflection wall‚ Köhlfleet’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 3. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012d. ‘Investigation on freshwater current direction control at Bunthaus and possible impact on sedimentation patterns in the Port of Hamburg’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 4. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012e. 'Sediment-Trap near Wedel' (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 5. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012f. ‘Compensation channel Hahnöfer Nebenelbe’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 6. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012g. 'Realignment Wrauster Bogen' (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 7. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012h. 'Compensation measure Hahnöfer Sand (2002)' (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 8. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012i. 'Spadenländer Spitze' (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 9. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012j. ‘Settlement of reed at the harbor location Haken’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 10. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012k. ‘Land treatment of dredged material including MEchanical Treatment and Dewatering of HArbor sediments (METHA)’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 11. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2012l. ‘Managing the ‘Reiherstieg’ sluice to improve oxygen conditions’ (Elbe estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 12. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

HPA. 2013. Pilot Project: ‘Evaluation of the sediment trap near Wedel’. Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 5. Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), Hamburg, Germany.

IECS. 2008. Harmonised River Basins Strategies North Sea (HARBASINS): Estuarine Ecosystem Functioning, Restoration and Health (WP2). Chapter 9: Habitat Gain., Institute of Estuarine Coastal Studies (IECS), University of Hull, UK.

Jacobs, S. 2013. Ecosystem service assessment of TIDE estuaries.

KÜFOG & NLWKN. 2011. Hard Substrate Habitats Outer Weser Estuary. Identification of Potential Areas for the Development and Creation of Subtidal Hard Substrate Habitats in the Outer Weser Estuary – Pilot study in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Long version. 16 pages. Loxstedt-Ueterlande, Oldenburg.

Küste und Raum & NLWKN. 2012. Secondary Channels in European Estuaries. Occurrence and Importance of Secondary Channels in European Estuaries – Literature study in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. 45 pages. Varel, Oldenburg. Liekens, I. and S. Broekx. 2013. Guidance document for the valuation of ecosystem services in estuaries. Study report in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Flemish Institute for Technological Development (VITO), commissioned by Antwerp Port Authority (APA), Mol, Belgium.

Lonsdale. 2012. The Potential Alternative Uses Of Dredged Material in the Humber Estuary, Hull GB.

Maris, T., S. Jacobs, J. Teuchies, T. Cox, and P. Meire. 2008. Effecten van waterkwaliteit en getij op overstromingsgebieden (Hoofdstuk 1). Eindverslag voor de deelstudie 8 (perceel 8), periode 2007-2008, met inbegrip van onderzoek verricht te Lippenbroek. Onderzoeksgroep Ecosysteembeheer (ECOBE), dep. Biologie, Universiteit Antwerpen, Antwerpen.

Maris, T., S. Jacobs, O. Beauchard, T. Cox, W. Vandenbruwaene, P. Peeters, S. Van Damme, E. Struyf, S. Temmerman, and P.

Meire. Restoration of a freshwater tidal marsh on a lowered rural site: A new method applied in the Schelde estuary (Belgium).

MOW & HPA. 2013. Joint study: Feasibility study on measures in the estuary mouth

NLWKN, SUBV. 2012. IBP, Integrierter Bewirtschaftungsplan Weser für Niedersachsen und Bremen 2012, http://www.nlwkn.niedersachsen.de/naturschutz/natura_2000/integrierte_bewirtschaftungsplaene_aestuare/weser/Februar2012/97504.html .

NLWKN. 2010. Umsetzung der EG-WRRL – Bewertung des ökologischen Zustands der niedersächsischen Übergangs- und Küstengewässer (Stand: Bewirtschaftungspln 2009). Küstengewässer und Ästuare 1/2010. 59 S.

PIANC. 2008. Minimising harbor siltation, Report n°102, page 5

Proses. 2004. Ontwikkelingsschets. 2010. Schelde-estuarium. Voorstellen voor besluiten.

Saathoff , S. ,M. Wernick. 2012. 'Tegeler Plate - Development of tidally influenced brackish water habitats' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 24. Pages 1-13. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremen, Germany.

Saathoff , S. and D. Hürter. 2012. 'Restoration of a tidal foreland in the Werderland region- Feasibility study' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 29. Pages 1-15. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremen, Germany.

Saathoff , S. and H. Klugkist. 2012. 'Tidal habitat Vorder- und Hinterwerder' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 26. Pages 1-15. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremen, Germany.

Saathoff , S. and J. Lange. 2012a. 'Cappel-Süder-Neufeld' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 28. Pages 1-13. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremerhaven, Germany.

Saathoff , S. and J. Lange. 2012b. 'Shallow water area Kleinensieler Plate' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 27. Pages 1-17. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremerhaven, Germany.

Saathoff , S. and J. Lange. 2012c. 'Shallow water area Rönnebecker Sand' (Weser estuary). Measure analysis in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE. Measure 25. Pages 1-14. Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN), Oldenburg, Bremerhaven, Germany.

Scott, C., S. Armstrong, I. Townend, M. Dixon, and M. Everard. Lessons Learned from 20 Years of Managed Realignment and Regulated Tidal Exchange in the UK.

Van den Bergh, E., S. Van Damme, J. Graveland, D. De Jong, I. Baten, and P. Meire. 2005. Ecological rehabilitation of the Schelde estuary (The Netherlands–Belgium; Northwest Europe): linking ecology, safety against floods, and accessibility for port development Restor. Ecol. 13(1): 204-214.

Van Maren et al. 2010. Predicting the effect of a Current Deflecting Wall on harbour siltation. Continental Shelf Research 31 (2011) S.182–S.198


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Important to know

Reports / Measures / Tools

Report: Management measures analysis and comparison


Management issues

How and by which management measures can tidal amplification be reduced?
How can public acceptance for management actions be increased?
How can the Ecosystem Services Approach be used to support management decisions?
How can we assure accessibility to an inland estuarine port without affecting the habitats and safety against flooding?
How can we prevent excessive degradation or loss of tidal marshes?
How does habitat management affect the supply of ecosystem services?
What are the key areas of conflicts or synergies in TIDE estuaries?
What are the restoration opportunities for side branch systems and river banks (e.g. left side branch Weser)?
What factors determine the distribution of suspended sediments in an estuary?
What measures are successful for the dissipation of tidal energy?
What monitoring is required to support and assess management decisions?
What parameters should be used to define and evaluate measure targets?
What tool is available to help manage multiple users of a resource in an integrated way (i.e. achieving more holistic management)?
Which aspects do I have to take into account in order to make a measure a success?
Which measures are suitable to achieve specific ecological targets?
Which measures are suitable to achieve specific morphological and hydrological targets?
Which measures are suitable to identify, protect or develop valuable submerged habitats e.g. mussel beds and Sabellaria reefs?
Which measures are suitable to improve the physical characteristics and chemical water quality?
Which measures are suitable to provide ecosystem services and benefits?
Which synergistic effects and conflicts can be expected by planning and implementing a certain measure?
“Working with nature”: What are the opportunities for sediment management in estuaries?